These chapters all have a lot to with MONEY/MAMMON.
We noted that on the final, one section will ask you to argue with Kraybill: find a section you disagree with, or want to challenge him on (Or even assume the role of someone disagreeing). We thought some of the sections on money would be good candidates here (living out Jubilee; the seven dangers of wealth, graduated tithing, etc.)
We picked up the temptation theme from last class,
|^actual photo of two rats found in Sattler 101 today^|
and continued into what Charles Kraft calls the
"garbage and rats" Scriptures:
We left a pile of garbage in the room, and asked what would happen if it were left there overnight:
it would invite rats.
Certain attitudes/behaviors/ethical responses seem to be the equivalent of "garbage," with invites/incites demonic entities to piggyback on them. Here are some we looked at.
GARBAGE: RATS: CLICK EACH SCRIPTURE:
- unresolved anger devil given a foothold (Ephesians 4:26-27)
- no marital relations Satan tempts (1 Corinthians 7: 4-5)
- unforgiveness Satan comes in (2 Corinthians 2:10)
- human thinking "Get behind me, Satan!" (Matthew 16:23-24)
- human thinking becomes demonic and evil (James 3:16-17)
- love of money a root of many kinds of evil (1 Tim 6:10)
We called special attention to these last three, and notice how
1) human reasoning, which often seems so ...well, reasonable"....is often the opposite of Upside Down Kingdom thinking.
2)Money matters show up again...
How might virtually all temptations (the three Jesus faced, or others you could name) be fundamentally economic? Kraybill, you'll remember, calls the bread temptation "economic," but how might any/all others temptations trace to this root/'garbage"?
HINT: We noted that he term economics comes from the Ancient Greek οἰκονομία (oikonomia, "management of a household, administration") from οἶκος (oikos, "house") + νόμος (nomos, "custom" or "law"), hence "rules of the house(hold)".
Hmm, maybe when we are tempted to act in "garbage"- like ways within the community/household of faith, we are facing a core demonic temptation! How might Jesus, and how might his followers, be tempted economically to not act out the radical ethic of the Upside Down Kingdom?
Was Jesus ever angry? Was he ever so angry that he was tempted toward sin? What might have been those times? We sure noticed how often he was serious about money/economic issues (temple tantrum, "you cannot serve God and Money, etc). If Jesus was the New Moses, maybe he was tempted in a similar way with anger...we watched the Ray VanDer Laan video (Volume 10, episode 4: "By Every Word- Striking The Rock." Study notes here below (click, and then click again to enlarge)
Walter Brueggemann: ""The key issues of worship in the community are fundamentally economic" fundamentally economic." (source).
In preparation for the final, continue thinking of ways Jesus (and Moses) faced temptations (especially re: use of power) throughout their lives.
What a great wiki-day! We split the class into five teams (Kraybill discussion groups). Part of the fun (and the test) was I gave no instructions about how to choose your team, how each team would choose a leader, etc.
The most fun was that teams needed to "recruit" members (students who came in late)..
Then for half an hour the teams each read their particular section of Kraybill, discussed it, and argued with it. The next half hour, we heard each team's five minute report. Great job!
Team Kraybill section
- PHARISEES: "Sacred Cows" -pages 163-164
- SADDUCEES "Myth of Redemptive Violence" -pages 190-191
- ZEALOTS "Stop Climbing" -page 226
- ESSENES "From There to Here" -pages 237-239
- MENNONITES "Triple Symbols" -pages 241-242
The team names were just for fun today, but we also noted that for the final, each student will:
a)write a paragraph summarazing the assigned section, noting any places you (or your group) agreed or disagree
b)write a paragraph suggesting how, if you really were a member of your assigned group (Pharisees, etc.), you would respond to the assigned section. Where would you agree and disagree? (This will call for a working knowledge of the four groups...see Hauer and Young index and glossary, Kraybill book, and class notes).
If you had to miss class today, you will have to wait till the next class to see which "team" you are on.
You'll find that each team will aggressively try to "recruit" you as you come in...
>>Finally, we reviewed the two alternatiives for the 11.17 assignment,
and the altermative to the final.